Colour tests

c505218304b50c59c3659f6dda43bae7-links-0–>For some substances, the colour reaction with a particular chemical reagent may be quite specific, but it is much more common for the colour to be produced by a class of compounds. Moreover, compounds that do not fall into the class may also give colours. For some of the tests, the colour reactions can be correlated with certain aspects of the chemical structure of a compound or group of compounds. However, anomalous responses often occur that cannot be explained on that basis. Some of these are noted in the colour tests described below, but it should be borne in mind that many others may be found. It follows that colour tests are only an indication of the presence of a compound or class of compounds and that all tests must be confirmed by more specific methods. This is especially important in forensic cases!